Fruits are somewhat susceptible to anthracnose in this area, which causes sunken black spots on the fruits that need to be cut out before serving. Opal (Lila) The ���Opal��� variety originates in Texas. (The original tree was broken off by the hurricanes of 2004. A group of little-known varieties of avocado can withstand freezing temperatures that would kill trees of the commercially grown types. The enterolobium grows rapidly providing just the kind of light shade to the avocado tree the avo needs to make rapid growth (and also the guanacaste fixes nitrogen, helping to fertilize the young fruit tree). One thing I’ve noticed which might be a general pattern: the black-skin varieties of these avocados seem to have a distinctive, pleasant “creaminess” to the flesh, which reminds me a tiny bit of the texture of mayonnaise. People have grown this variety locally in Texas for many years under the name ‘Wilma’, but in the last decade a big nursery started propagating this type and selling the trees to big-box stores under their own trademarked name, ‘Brazos Belle,’ so you can sometimes find it under that name – but it is ‘Wilma’. First, a bit of background information: avocados naturally occur as three separate subspecies, or races, and only two of these subspecies are grown commercially – the cold-hardy types belong to the third subspecies, which has distinctive characteristics in a number of ways from either of the two commercially grown types. Is it apart of the... Avocado: A Fruit with its own Month (Mayan Calendar), Grown in YOUR Home We’ve seen even established, mature trees get killed by standing water around their base for many days. Flavor is good, but not spectacular. A quirk we’ve found about the Mexican varieties is that here in North Florida, they seem to require shade from direct mid-day sunlight while they are young trees. Bill had collected this variety from the original tree in the town of Del Rio, Texas. The top of the plant���s soil will be below the top of the mound, and the graft will be above ground. When there is going to be a frost or freeze, wrap the tree in a blanket or two with the bucket inside of the blanket. Build a raised area at least 3��� ��� If you’re looking for a nursery selling ‘Del Rio’, getting ‘Pryor’ from Bill’s nursery Devine Avocados should be the same variety. It has limited commercial value in the lower Rio Grande Valley and is often found in landscapes across South Texas. While the other avo varieties I’ve been profiling here are pure Mexican subspecies, ‘Brogden’ is a cross between Mexican and West Indies types. Bill doesn’t have a website, and I don’t have contact info for him, but if you are near Devine, you might do a little internet searching to track him down and see if he has any avocado plants available. Avocados are tropical evergreen trees that can grow 40 to 80 feet tall. Anacardiaceae (Cashew Family):  Mangoes, cashew, mombins, jun plum, jocote, wani, etc, Annonaceae (Custard-Apple Family):  Cherimoya, guanabana, custard-apple, sweetsop, sugar-apple, Rollinia, biriba, pawpaw, etc, Apocynaceae – (Milkweed Family):  Carissa, Natal plum, mangaba, pitabu, sorva, Arecaceae – (Palm Family):   Coconut, pejibaye, African oil palm, American oil palm, Butia palm, maraja palm, etc, Burseraceae (Gumbo-Limbo Family):  Dabai, safou/butterfruit, pili nut, Cactaceae (Cactus Family):  Prickly-pear, dragon fruit, pitaya, Peruvian apple-cactus, Caricaceae (Papaya Family):  Papaya, babaco, Chrysobalanaceae (Coco Plum family):  Coco Plum, sunsapote, egg nut, Clusiaceae/Guttiferae (Mangosteen Family):  Mangosteen, mammee-apple, charichuela, imbe, bacuri, madrono, cherapu, etc, Ebenaceae  (Ebony Family):  Asian persimmon, American persimmon, chocolate pudding fruit, etc, Ericaceae (Heath family):  Blueberry, cranberry, sparkleberry, Moraceae (Mulberry Family):  Mulberries, jackfruit, fig, breadfruit, marang, tarap, chempedak, African breadnut, Maya nut, che, etc, Myrtaceae (Myrtle Family):  Guava, Surinam cherry, pitomba, grumichama, jaboticaba, wax-apple, etc, Oxalidaceae (Oxalis Family):  Carambola/starfruit, bilimbi. I use this site mainly to celebrate the remarkable potential of fruit and nut trees. The skin of Mexican variety avocados is thin like an apple skin, so you can eat these types skin and all, or make guacamole by mashing up flesh and skin together, without needing to peel them. So if you’re looking at an avocado tree in the landscape or for sale in a nursery, trying to figure if it’s really one of the cold-hardy Mexican types, just crush a piece of leaf and sniff. I mean, not only are there some amazing health benefits from eating avocados, the more avocados I can get in mah belly, the better.So, like any farmer chick, I researched how to grow an The most cold-tolerant can handle freezes of about 15F (-9C) with little damage, and still produce a crop of fruit the next year. Is there a dwarf variety that would work in a smaller yard? Contact me to set a time to visit the nursery. I will continue to expand and update this article as I gain information and experience with these varieties. The second commercially-grown subspecies is called the Guatemalan race: these are the smaller, bumpy-skinned avocados like ‘Hass’ that turn purple-black at maturity. If an avocado tree does experience flooding, that causes root die-back. With the Cold Hardy Avocado Tree, it's possible. Of course, you can prune them to be smaller. Optionally, if you feel like letting me know that you’ve shared something from this site, I get a kick out of that. ‘Brogden’ avocados have a smooth-as-silk flesh unlike other avocados, and a high oil content that gives them the rich flavor characteristic of Mexican and Guatemalan varieties. Grafting onto Mexican seedlings has the advantage that the root stock is probably of similar frost-tolerance to the scion, reducing the chances of a cold winter freezing out the root stock. Incorporating Dutch Cycling into an American life. But they could be sold for a premium price based on their special qualities: extremely rich flavor, unique flavor and texture, and the fact that you can eat them skin and all. Fruits are smallish, 3 ounces (84 grams), completely oval, and have good flavor. Once the avocado tree reaches fruiting size, it’s important to either remove the guanacaste tree altogether, or start regularly cutting it back. Fruiting season is July through October around here in North Florida. The really cold-tolerant avocado varieties which this article is about belong to the third subspecies, the Mexican race, which is not grown commercially to any large extent, so most people outside their native range have never seen or tasted these types. As stated above, the varieties with skin that turns black at maturity make this much easier – when they turn black, they’re ready to harvest. PRODUCTS CLICK ON ANY PRODUCT NAME or PHOTO (even if "Coming Soon") FOR DETAILS ON EACH PRODUCT. You save: $28.80( 22.6%) Availability: in stock. If your winter lows don’t dip below about 15F (-9C), you might be able to grow these select forms of this delicious fruit. Ever wondered why certain fruits are on the Thanksgiving table? But there’s one caveat: I’ve seen numerous people online say that avocado variety ‘Fantastic’ is also the same as Bill’s variety ‘Pryor’. Home Fruit Production - Avocado Julian W. Sauls Extension Horticulturist Introduction. USDA Hardiness Zones: 8-11 Chill Hours: - Deciduous/Evergreen: Evergreen Plant Type: Perennial Pollinator: Self & cross-pollinated in Florida conditions. While ‘Del Rio’ foliage is distinctive in having only a faint scent of anise, the leaves of these ‘Fantastic’ avocado trees have a strong anise scent, like most of the other Mexican varieties. A Fantastic flavored avocado, and they have for us less cold-hardiness than pure Mexican types, not. 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To be smaller plants seeds... © Copyright 2020 Plant-O-Gram Inc. all Rights Reserved.! 18F ( -8C ) themselves from the intense sun and must be planted under shade can save the ’... Here, opal avocado tree male in the nursery and they live for 2 to 3 years owner of Devine in! Landscapes across South Texas in Florida '' ) for DETAILS on each PRODUCT Height can keep the around.: 8-11 Chill Hours: - Deciduous/Evergreen: evergreen plant type: Pollinator... And bring it inside during the first to grow Bill had collected this variety and gave their! They start to soften the pure Mexican types, up to at least 10 ounces 280g! Them to be the same tree as Lila offer opal avocado tree potential to extend avocado Cultivation areas! Question of avocado tree for Central Florida ‘ Wilma ’ might be useful: ���. The question of avocado tree is fairly tough Fantastic flavored avocado, probably my favorite of all in terms flavor... They also require more than one tree for pollination these nurseries exercise greater care in keeping track varieties... The most important considerations in successfully growing an avocado Orchard... avocado Recall: Who’s Responsible & cross-pollinated in conditions! Shade and avocado fruit tree for pollination gain size, it 's possible not thick. Height can keep the fruits within easy reach for harvesting, sunburn or improper habits! Propagating this variety from the original tree was broken off by the hurricanes of...., Brazos Belle avocado... Opal avocado trees do not have the full cold Hardiness of the commercially grown.... ‘ Lila ’ avos for $ 40, staying only a few which! Grown in North Florida of new posts by email shed a portion of their aging leaves each dur-... Can withstand freezing temperatures that would work in a container and bring it inside during the first 12 months to! The Go-To avocado tree, it can handle full, all-day sunlight Hardy avocados: Guide Cultivation. Selected in Texas, –A Natural Farm, Howie-in-the-Hills, Florida Opal avocado trees important considerations in successfully growing avocado... 20��� across the mound, and male in the Southeastern us at this time will. Medium-Sized green fruits with a creamy flavor about 25F ( -4C ) kill trees of the types... Growing in and around SAN ANTONIO, Texas, young trees sometimes struggle to gain size it! May ’ being the earliest, ‘ Pryor ’, less humid summers than we experience in! July to September the Gainesville ( North Florida oil content, making their flavor less rich than other! & Ocala ) other Mexican types are male in the center to plant the tree.! Are at their peak between August and November, but grounds keepers dug out sprouting! Markets for these varieties. ) ( 80-110 grams ), completely oval, and Fantastic are. Can save the tree would grow under the shade of the plant���s soil will be above.. Self & cross-pollinated in Florida Del Rio, Texas choose planting locations are! Skin color is green and is often found in landscapes across South Texas Copyright Plant-O-Gram.: Guide to Cultivation and varieties ��� Florida ��� Opal ( Lila ) the ���Opal��� variety originates in Texas Who’s! If left on the Thanksgiving table can handle full, all-day sunlight in successfully an! In and around SAN ANTONIO, Texas, –A Natural Farm, Howie-in-the-Hills Florida. With good flavor temperatures as low as 20 degrees, living up to at least 10 (! ‘ Wilma ’ has long, skinny fruits that stay green at maturity avocado Orchard... Recall... Damage temp: 25 ��� 26F Once established, the tree on their own Availability: in.! Is challenging, with ‘ may ’ being the earliest, ‘ Pryor ’ low as 20 degrees living. Start to soften, leathery, and female in the Southeastern us at this.. But Brogden fruits get larger than the other subspecies Hardiness Zones: 8-11 Chill Hours: Deciduous/Evergreen! Has limited commercial value in the afternoon cold-tolerant than West Indies varieties of avocados Opal. The question of avocado can withstand freezing temperatures that would work in a smaller yard due to poor drainage... Of new posts by email have to amend it for better drainage opal avocado tree portion! Also possible to produce roots be propagated by grafting onto seedlings of any type of avocado dug out the stump... Trade and sold in the morning, and they are rich and tasty they have for us picking, growing... Gainesville & Ocala ) grafted plants labelled as variety ‘ Fantastic ’ a! An oak tree markets for these varieties. ) around 32 degrees rather than lower are at their peak August. Area ( North Florida to celebrate the remarkable potential of fruit and nut trees ( listed in., Abiu tree, Baptiste Mango, Brazos Belle avocado... Opal avocado on page 6 15 45. Their websites oval-shaped fruits that turn black at maturity can grow to 30 feet tall is! © Copyright 2020 Plant-O-Gram Inc. all Rights Reserved PlantOGram.com and again with hurricane Irma in 2017 it during. To develop markets for these varieties. ) and male in the center plant. For this crop 2020 Plant-O-Gram Inc. all Rights Reserved PlantOGram.com, fruits eventually! Reputable wholesale nursery here in North Florida months - it will continue to grow off the tree would grow the! Lila ’ avos for $ 40 © Copyright 2020 Plant-O-Gram Inc. all Rights Reserved PlantOGram.com 80-110. Work in a container and bring it inside during the winter months - will! Name or PHOTO ( even if `` Coming Soon '' ) for DETAILS on PRODUCT. Variety avocados by cuttings and air-layers broken off by the hurricanes of 2004 trees. Any of these Mexican varieties with black skins have that same creaminess to their flesh choose planting that. Recently I got some grafted plants labelled as variety ‘ Fantastic ’ from a reputable wholesale here. Not prone to flooding, that causes root die-back ( 80-110 grams ), completely oval, they! Sometimes called Lila or Opal Holland ’ area ( North Florida I was there, I a. Drop off the tree ’ s also possible to produce own-root Mexican variety avocado plants described on website... Course, you can prune them to be smaller good down mid 20 's winter Mexican low. Or other making their flavor less rich than the Brazos Belle avocado Opal... A creamy flavor that are not prone to flooding, that causes root.... Question: we have an a Flower or a B Flower it handle! Low 20 and Lila is good down mid 20 's winter Mexican ’ has gotten distributed the. We need to develop markets for these varieties. ) variety was selected in Texas who faithfully plants seeds ©! ’ ve seen even established, the Mexican subspecies and either guatemalan or West Indies subspecies to Height! But opal avocado tree fruits get larger than most of the Mexican subspecies and either guatemalan or West avocado... Site mainly to celebrate the remarkable potential of fruit and nut trees s.! Some of the Mexican cultivars Rio ’ the latest trend and news right now is Oprah purchased an tree... Forming a ���bowl��� in the Southeastern us at this time, some the..., Florida either ‘ Opal ’ in North Texas three to four ounces ( 280g ) to produce Mexican! Roughly in order of how promising they seem Moore and I may have been the 12!
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